The song was written by Janet and Jimmy Jam & Terry Lewis (who also produced the song) along with Harvey Fuqua, John Bristol & Jackey Beavers. It fuses various genres, including dance-pop, rock, trip hop, and industrial music with elements of hip hop and new jack swing.
The song received critical acclaim with most critics noting Janet's evolution into a sexual persona from her prior reserved, celibate image.
Janet's role in the film Poetic Justice gave her the confidence to attempt edgier themes musically, commenting, "I know it would shock people, but I'm not doing it for shock value. And I know there are some people that are going to say, 'No, I will not be able to accept this because this is a little girl that we saw when she was seven years old.'" She continued, "Everybody says, 'Oh, my God, you've changed so much. Is this really you?'," described to laugh before saying, "Of course it's me."
Virgin Records wanted the song to be janet's lead single, saying "it could have a great dance video," but Janet disagreed and decided to release it as the album's second release.
The song was written by Janet in a conference room during a label meeting.
Describing the process, she said, "Once you get into recording, it almost has a life of its own. We really got rolling when we did the song "If". Writing a song can happen any kind of way ... Jimmy [Jam] was watching a ballgame and playing around on the keyboards. I ask him to play the chords he was playing again ... "If" turned out to be funkier, gritter." Speaking about its theme, she stated "the song is about fantasizing. I've had those feelings [expressed in the song]..it's my time to share!"
Janet added, "[its] about a girl who goes to a club and fantasizes about this guy: serious fantasies about the things she'd do to him if she was his girl – the positions and things like that. But she's not, so she can't, so she gets pretty frustrated in the second verse – without it being too much. It's still within good taste."
The music video for "If" was directed by Dominic Sena & choreographed by Tina Landon and Janet with additional choreography by Omar Lopez & Keith Williams.
The video takes place in an Asian nightclub, displaying touch-screen technology and web cameras used to monitor the interactions of patrons.
Janet is the club's main performer, being observed by patrons through screens who are able to enter the function by saying the correct password. The video's themes of sexual fantasy, desire, and voyeurism were intended as an elaborate metaphor for the song's racy content.
The video was also thought to have a "Blasian" theme, portraying interracial lust in the clip's "body language, the atmosphere and her smoldering off-stage eye contact" with Janet's male interest, Michael Gong.
Janet commented on the video, stating "It's nothing nasty or dirty, but it's very sexy. During taping I kept saying, 'Oh, my god, I'm glad my mother is not here.'"
An alternate version of the video known as the "All Dance Version" focuses solely on the video's choreography. This version was shown on many music channels due to the original's suggestive visuals regarded as very explicit at the time.
The uncensored video appears on the "From janet. to Damita Jo: The Videos" compilation while the alternate version is included on the "janet." video release and the re-release of "All for You."
The video opens with a moonlit scene of a woman wearing a Kimono walking towards a building in an Asian village.
The woman walks to the door, looks into a hidden camera and says the password, "If". A man operating the door from inside then grants her access to the festivities.
The inside of the bordello is then shown as a green light turns on, signaling male dancers to be lowered from the ceiling, who descend upside down on ropes in a winding fashion simulating a corkscrew. The woman is then shown entering the club.
A wider view of the club is then revealed, with club patron watching the stage as female dancers perform. Various scenes of people attending the club are shown through touch-screen monitors and web cameras.
Multiple screens are shown and a man watching some of the other patron on the monitor uses the futuristic touch-screen to select angles of the performance on the main stage. The doors on the main platform then rapidly open as Janet, who is wearing a black and white top, black pants and a Bohemian choker, descends the stairs and enters the main stage, surrounded by blowing red fabric and a radiant white light.
Janet focuses solely on one man in the audience watching her through the monitor as she and her dancers start performing a sexually suggestive dance routine, three women in high fashion outfits are shown walking through the club and observing the men in attendance through a monitor.
As Janet continues entertaining the crowd, the woman who was originally shown entering the bordello is again seen walking through the event, quickly paying one of the guards to allow her into the club's private sector. She continues the routine as additional scenes on a monitor are briefly seen.
This leads into the video's choreographed breakdown, with Janet performing the routine as angles switch multiple times. She continues the intricate dance while a woman is shown touching the image of a man's faces on another screen. Another woman is then shown on a webcam, becoming aroused while observing a couple engaging in sexual activity.
The video's final dance sequence begins, with Janet grabbing a male dancer's crotch region and simulating oral sex before placing him on the floor and bending him over. Janet continues to seductively watch the man in the audience as she performs, kneeling before the male dancer and then lowering him to floor.
The video ends with the man in the audience passionately touching an image of Janet on the monitor as the woman who was shown entering the club is then seen exiting and walking towards the village.
Described by Janet as "a female fantasy," David Ritz of Rolling Stone analyzed the video to include "tantalizing bodies" and "mock-cunnilingus" along with the "scrambled" reality and rampant voyeurism of Janet watching herself as she's observed by others through various monitors.
Us Weekly described the set as an "elaborate, multilevel Chinese restaurant," complete with balconies, stairways and wide-screen monitors.
The video's attire is all black, with the concept of "an overheated sexual fantasy," in specific a male dancer being "grabbed, pawed and shoved around" by Janet as she "drops down, reaches through his legs and grabs his crotch," before she changes positions, "seizes his head and pulls it down to her own crotch."
The excerpt concluded, "ignore the demure young woman whose musical message to a would-be lover used to be "Let's Wait Awhile." Ladies and gentlemen, cover your crotches: Janet Jackson has grown up."
Arena Magazine described it as a "dramatic" change, remarking "the black uniform ripped off to reveal a slimmed-down, body-conscious Janet. The transformation was dramatic."
Jet Magazine thought the video displayed "a liberated Janet, who flirted with eroticism but steered clear of moves that would be considered pornographic," also used to "showcase her pelvic thrusts and flashy dance moves."
Billboard exclaimed "If" to be a "climax" which is "inseparable from its iconic music video," based on its "head-slapping choreography."
The video's "seductive style of movement" was heralded as an evolution, replacing bulky militant uniforms with "midriff baring tops and chokers," embracing her "womanhood and sexuality".
Slant Magazine thought the video fulfilled the purpose of "providing the impetus behind one of the greatest dance-break routines in music video history."
The video was also praised as featuring "some of the most iconic choreography in history," adding "it’s stunning imagery, ground-breaking choreography and Janet’s fierce attitude is what made this a masterpiece."
"If" debuted at #57 on the Billboard Hot 100. It peaked at #4 and was certified Gold by the RIAA on September 28, 1993.
It reached #3 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart and peaked atop the Hot Dance Club Play chart. It placed at #19 on the annual year-end chart.
In Canada, the song debuted at #92 before peaking at #3 in October. It spent a total of nineteen weeks on the chart and was ranked at #25 on Canada's RPM year-end chart.
In the United Kingdom, "If" debuted on UK Singles Chart at #23 and peaked at number fourteen the following week. It spent a total of seven weeks on the chart.
The song performed moderately in Europe and Oceania. It peaked in the top ten of Sweden, the Netherlands and New Zealand & also peaked within the top twenty in Australia.
On April 2, 2011, the song charted at #45 on the Billboard Dance/Electronic Digital Songs chart.
"If" was acclaimed for its innovation and sonic progression as well as its sexuality and usage of multiple genres.
Entertainment Weekly exclaimed it "takes Jackson into exciting new terrain," blending her vocals with "a traffic jam in a city of cyborgs."
Billboard declared it a "rockin' dance track," with strings that "anchor the climax." The song's theme of avoiding temptation to interfere with monogamy was also noted, adding "Though Jackson lets her mind race with naughty thoughts [...], she ultimately stops herself from going after someone else's man."
A writer for Idolator called it an "industrial dance/sex epic" in addition to "infectious and raunchy," saying, "Janet Jackson's unmistakable voice is used to perfection to create an eerily tropical but beautiful track."
David Nathan of B&S Magazine remarked the song "pulls no punches. Listening to it and reading the lyrics Janet wrote in a Virgin Records conference room, I blush - in itself a rare occurrence."
Nicholas Jennings of Maclean's called the "guitar-driven" song a "standout" for its explicit lines.
Craig S. Semon of the Telegram & Gazette stated "the naughty seducer" to be one of Janet's "most exciting tracks."
Jon Pareles of The New York Times observed the song to open with a "screaming guitar and a chanted verse, rising to a sweet melody."
Kot from Chicago Tribune wrote, "There's a surprising, fuzzed-up guitar riff lifted from Peter Gabriel's 'Sledgehammer' that gives 'If' some punch."
BBC Radio 3's commended it as an "impressive industrial fury" based on "oral satisfaction" and it was also called "a weird masterpiece" by Vibe.
"If" was also interpreted as "a swirling epic number" fusing "90s disco with guitar-rock," using a "Hendrix-lite guitar" throughout the song. Janet's vocals were delivered at "break-neck speed, practically rapping about the salacious pleasures of her lover" while its production had "a lot of styles on display" including "distorted synth meets acoustic guitar."
Rolling Stone qualified it as both "subtle and bold" with Janet's "bedroom fantasies" given "a fierce dressing-up — tough jeep beats, hard-rock guitar, and a Diana Ross & The Supremes sample — and some missed just what she was on about."
A similar critique said it "starts with guitar feedback" before transitioning into "a sweaty, sexy dance workout", adding it "blew us away."
Sal Cinquemani of Slant Magazine said its content was "impending or simply imagined", adding "the very title of which embodies that fact, is essentially about masturbation, with Janet describing what her lover's "smooth and shiny [cock]" feels like against her lips while ostensibly rubbing herself off under the covers".
An anecdote also stated Janet became "the sex kitten every man dreamed she would be," opposed to formerly known as "a sweet fresh faced girl singing little ditties about young love."
The lyrics "purposely leaves something to the imagination," leaving one to wonder what Janet is referring to: "Could Janet be talking about the lips, chest, or a man’s procreation stick? For freakiness’ sake, I’d like to go with the last option over everything."
Music critic Richard Croft raved the album was "a big sex-fest from beginning to end but nowhere was it hotter than ‘If’," labeling the chorus "infectious, at the same time bitchy and vulnerable, defiant and desperate."
The song's sexuality was considered to accomplish "the rare thing of being feminist and feminine at the same time without compromising either," saying the song is "a big pleading love song that put her totally at the whim of the man, and a big fuck-off anthem that said “I’m here, I’m Janet freaking Jackson, but if you’re not gonna notice me then get bent”. Phrased a little differently, of course."
Song Legacy & InfluenceEdit
"If" is one of several of Janet's videos considered to influence a higher degree of sexual freedom among young women.
Jean M. Twenge, author of "Generation Me: Why Today's Young Americans are More Confident, Assertive, Entitled—and More Miserable Than Ever Before" wrote "in the 1950s, only 3% of the young women had received oral sex from a man. By the mid-1990s, however, 75% of women aged 18-24 had experienced cunnilingus. Music videos by female artists have contributed to the trend," with Jackson "heavily implying male-on-female oral sex in music videos by pushing down on a man's head until he's in exactly the right position."
Similarly, Paula Kamen in her book "Her Way: Young Women Remake the Sexual Revolution" states that "[i]n the early to mid-1990s, oral sex even reached mainstream music as politically charged demand of truly liberated women," citing Janet as a prime example of a female artist simulating cunnilingus in her videos, specifically in "If."
The video was innovative for its depiction of touch-screen technology and web cams, which were not yet invented at the time of its release.
Janet later said, "I don’t think people really realize what we were showing in that video that wasn’t available with technology then. The video featured futuristic technology, specifically high definition touch screens. I wanted the actors in the video to use these screens to communicate, and relate with each other in the clubs. Similar to what we all do with our smart phones and tablets today. As I look at our lives now, it seems that life is imitating art."
Janet's balance of masculine ensemble with feminine outfits was also regarded as an immense part of her appeal, saying, "Janet was the queen of tomboy looks and a full fledged sex symbol at the same time. She merged the two opposites seamlessly, from baggy jeans and floppy hats to skintight Navajo bra tops in the "If" video."
Britney Spears was influenced by "If" for videos such as "I'm a Slave 4 U", saying "Janet's video for 'If'. I saw that, and I admired it and wanted to be like her," calling Janet a "powerful role model" with "her own identity".
The elements of the "If" choreography has been referenced frequently, including "multiple videos" by Britney Spears, Beyoncé, Lady Gaga, Jennifer Lopez, Pink, Ciara, Mýa, Missy Elliot and N' Sync with specific examples including Christina Milian's "Dip It Low", Lil' Kim's "No Matter What They Say", and Paula Abdul's "My Love Is for Real".
'N Sync also performed the video's dance breakdown during the opening performance on their debut tour and in their "I Want You Back" video.
A critique of the video added, "Women want to be her. The gays want to be like her. Men want to do morally questionable things to her... The current crop of artists, "including Gaga, Rihanna, Beyoncé, Britney etc ALL follow her trail-blazing footsteps."
Janet's videography (the "If" video in particular) helped establish Tina Landon's career as a legendary choreographer, with many subsequent female pop artists including Britney Spears, Rihanna, Jennifer Lopez, Pink, Shakira and Christina Aguilera, requesting to work with her for their own music videos and projects.
In 2013, Esquire Magazine placed the song's "hypothetical" situation among their list of "Sexiest Janet Jackson songs," saying "Janet wants you but you're in another relationship and she respects boundaries (but her mind is still dirty)."
Rakesh Satwell of New York Magazine praised "If" as "a punch to the eardrum," declaring that it remains "as fresh as it did then" and a departure from radio trends twenty years after its release. Satwell considered the song "overwhelming" in the current mainstream landscape, in comparison to "our David Guetta glut."
The song was commended as a "more impressive feat" for sounding "as it if it's from the future" in contrast to hits such as Robin Thicke's "Blurred Lines" and Outkast's "Hey Ya!" which glorified "musical silk of the past."
In a similar comparison, its overall tone was considered "ten times more effective" than Rihanna's "S&M."
Additionally, Satwell considered "If" one of Jackson's defining artistic moments with the song's "sinister" and erotic tone evoked in future releases by artists such as Rihanna and Ke$ha.
Satwell expressed consistently hearing "strains of its DNA" in various songs; its fusion of varied genres was considered to inspire subsequent stylistic songs such as LCD Soundsystem's "One Touch," Rihanna's "Rockstar 101," and Aaliyah's "What If?."
The orchestral sample used twice was regarded as "genius" as an "innocuous but extremely effective garnish," allowing Janet to "seethe with intensity" over the sound of "multiple drones."
Satwell considered Janet to make a "definitive sexual statement" in a way which was "groundbreaking, indelible, and mesmerizing way," concluding "few people have ever had more rhythm and control than Janet Jackson did in the summer of 1993."
The song was applauded as a "sweaty, sexy dance workout" which "still holds up" twenty years after its premiere.
Slant Magazine ranked it the twenty-second best song of the nineties, saying the "dance rock" song "found Miss Jackson asserting her right to have an orgasm the likes of which would dwarf your puny muscular spasms."
Over filtered production suggesting "a cybernetic logjam," the song effectively "prowls, marking its prey, staking its claim," likened to Janet "playing with your mind".
The song's peak of "sweet harmonies of the bridge" plunges into "the crunching paradox of the chorus," ultimately decided to be "more metallic than carnal".
The track was also heralded as "a BIG-ASS song that made a mark and blazed a trail."
The song's theme of "hypothetical sexual fantasies" with undertones of sadness were considered "erotic and defiant" & its production of "wailing guitar chords, insanely catchy hip-hop beats, and some of Janet’s best vocals" determined it as potentially "the most eclectic song of her entire discography."
Alicia Jackson of The Redefined said the song's "soft, sing-song nature" melded with "pure raunchiness" were "the gateways to who I am today," in relating the lyrics contrasted with Janet's shy person.
|List of accolades for "If"|